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Community Adaptation for Forest-Food Based Management in Saddang Watershed Ecosystem

In line with the main purpose of the National Action Plan of Climate Change Adaptation (RAN – API) Indonesia 2014, through a series of interventions of this project, “community of watershed ecosystem”[1] will be able to increase resilience to climate change impacts, both in food security through the development of forests food and diversification, as well ecosystem resilience through improved quality of forest cover in the priority watershed, and resilience through integrated coastal management.

This is a serious effort to do in facing the climate change vulnerability which has a big and continuous impact. Vulnerability to climate change which leads to the community in the watershed area is vulnerable to the impact. Increased rainfall, temperature and land cover change resulting landslides and flood intensities in the watershed area is getting higher. Upstream landslides causing further effects such as high sedimentation in downstream areas and reduce the function of the watershed as Water Catchment Area.

This is getting worse due to the uncontrolled activities of forest conversion in the upstream area which leads to higher disaster potential. The community in the watershed area is mostly as farmers with relatively poor economic conditions are suffered due to climate change. In addition, local governments will be more difficult to resolve the issue, if the human resource capacity has not qualified. Effects on the natural resources damage will be more severe, and will trigger a slowdown in the economic and regional development.

Community Adaptation for Forest-Food Based Management in Saddang Watershed Ecosystem” program is an effort that will encourage community adaptation actions in the watershed area and can be replicated easily. Forest-food development and food diversification will be able to be a farmers’ livelihood adaptation pattern to utilize the forest area that is packed in Social Forestry schemes to ensure sustainable forest management areas. In addition, improved governance and the carrying capacity of the coastal in the downstream area through mangrove rehabilitation, food diversification and strengthening of local group, women and vulnerable in support climate change adaptation are important components in the intervention project. Furthermore, to ensure the sustainability of adaptation actions in the watershed area, to strengthen cross-sector policies related to climate change adaptation action, policy direction will be designed to be monitored jointly by the parties continually.

The main objective of this program is to increase resilience on the community food security of Saddang watershed ecosystem as effort in climate change adaption that focused on:

  • Strengthening the Social Forestry in encouraging forest-food in Saddang watershed upstream that impacted to the improving the environment and community revenue.
  • Improving management and costal carrying capacity in supporting climate change adaptation in the Saddang watershed downstream.
  • Strengthening cross-sector policy in ensuring the sustainability of climate change adaptation.

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